Таллин – главный город в Эстонии

таллин эстонияТаллин (Эстония, эст. – Tallinn) – город в Эстонской Республике. Является крупнейшим населённым пунктом страны, в котором проживает почти треть её населения. Является административным центром уезда Харьюмаа и столицей Эстонии. В исторических летописях упоминается под названиями Колывань, Линданисе и Ревель. По состоянию на начало 2016 года количество официально зарегистрированных в Таллине жителей составляет 439 500 человек. По национальному составу 55% населения – эстонцы, 35% — русские, 3,5% — украинцы.

Таллин – главный город в Эстонии

Таллин считается локомотивом эстонской экономики и важнейшим туристическим центром. Здесь расположены крупнейшие предприятия Эстонии, а также базируются логистические центры. Город является важнейшим транспортным узлом, располагает крупнейшим в республике аэропортом, торговым и пассажирским портами, а также тупиковой железнодорожной станцией.

Столица Эстонии – это центр культурной и политической жизни республики. Здесь расположены наиболее важные государственные учреждения, а также сосредоточены известнейшие театры, музеи и концертные залы страны. Именно сюда приезжают давать концерты звёзды с мировым именем. Сам город в 2011 году носил титул Культурной столицы Европы.

аэропорт таллина
АЭРОПОРТ
автовокзал таллина
АВТОВОКЗАЛ
железнодорожный вокзал таллина
Ж/Д ВОКЗАЛ
парковка в таллине
ПАРКОВКА

Происхождение названия

Первое упоминание о Таллине относится к 1154 году. В своих путевых заметках о городе, названном Колывань, рассказал арабский путешественник – географ Абу Аль-Идриси. В дальнейшем столица Эстонии упоминалась под названиями Линданисе и Ревель. Последнее название официально использовалось вплоть до 1919 года, когда в результате распада Российской Империи Эстонская Республика провозгласила независимость.

Официально считается, что название Таллин происходит от эстоноязычного словосочетания taani linn (датский город). Оно связано с так называемым «датским периодом» истории Эстонии. В 1988 году Верховный Совет ЭССР постановил, что название топонима «Таллин» на русском языке следует писать с удвоенной «н» в конце. Однако, это противоречит правилам грамматики русского языка и на бытовом уровне название города пишется с одной «н».

Географическое положение

Город Таллин расположен на берегу Финского залива Балтийского моря и географически относится к Северной Эстонии. Длина столичной береговой линии составляет 46 километров. В границах города она образует три полуострова: Копли, Какумяэ и Пальясааре, которые омываются четырьмя заливами. Близость моря позволила обустроить в границе города несколько пляжей.

Ближайший заграничный сосед Таллина – столица Финляндии Хельсинки. Расстояние между городами составляет всего 80 километров. Расстояние от Таллина до Риги составляет 308 километров, от Таллина до Санкт-Петербурга – 368 километров.

Климатические особенности

Климат Таллина является переходным от умеренно-морского к умеренно-континентальному. Благодаря этому зима здесь отличается переменчивой погодой, а лето довольно прохладное. Однако, в отдельные недели летних месяцев температура воздуха может превышать 30ºС, а в некоторые зимние дни опускается ниже -20ºС.

Самым тёплым месяцем года в столице Эстонии является июль. Средняя температура воздуха в этот период составляет 21,5ºС. Самый холодный месяц – январь, когда средние показатели термометра составляют –15,7ºС.

Таллин – туристическая информация

Город Таллин является главным туристическим направлением в Эстонии. Этому способствует хорошее транспортное сообщение с другими европейскими столицами. Из стран старой Европы в Эстонскую Республику проще всего добираться самолётом, из Украины, Белоруссии, Литвы, Латвии и Санкт-Петербурга – на автобусе. Железнодорожное сообщение обеспечивает поезд Москва-Таллин.

Таллин имеет развитую сеть гостиниц, что также способствует развитию туризма. Особой известностью и популярностью пользуются городские спа-центры, где можно пройти как расслабляющие, так и оздоровительные процедуры. Центр туристической информации расположен в Старом городе по адресу Niguliste 2. Ориентиром может служить церковь Нигулисте и Ратушная площадь, между которыми и находится инфоцентр.

гостиницы в таллине
РАЗМЕЩЕНИЕ
спа в таллине
СПА-ОТЕЛИ

Знакомство с культурой и историей

Столица Эстонии является центром культурной жизни страны. Здесь расположено большинство республиканских театров, концертных залов и музеев. Экспозиция последних знакомит как с историей города, так и с культурой этноса. Многие музеи расположены в исторических зданиях и старинных оружейных и смотровых башнях.

Представления в театрах Таллина идут на эстонском языке. Некоторые спектакли показывают с синхронным переводом на русский язык. Информацию о наличии или отсутствии дубляжа можно получить непосредственно в театре при покупке билетов. Также в столице действует Русский театр, где все представления проходят на русском языке.

Главной достопримечательностью Таллина является Старый город. К важным туристическим объектам также относятся парк Кадриорг, интерактивный музей Леннусадам, прибрежный район Пирита. Для удобства туристов по городу курсирует двухэтажный автобус, предлагающий совершить обзорную экскурсию по городу.

достопримечательности таллина
ДОСТОПРИМЕЧАТЕЛЬНОСТИ
музеи таллина
МУЗЕИ

Таллин – куда пойти и чем заняться?

В Таллине можно найти занятия на любой вкус. Интересующиеся шопингом могут посетить торговые центры, расположенные в разных районах города, любители прогулок на свежем воздухе могут прогуляться вдоль моря или по одному из многочисленных парков. Молодёжь по достоинству оценит ночные клубы, предлагающие обширную развлекательную программу.

В летний период горожане и гости эстонской столицы могут позволить себе расслабиться на пляже. Самым известным из них является Пирита, расположенный в одноимённом районе неподалёку от монастыря святой Бригитты. К услугам любителей активного образа жизни в разных частях города проложены спортивные и велосипедные дорожки, открыты современные спортзалы.

торговые центры таллина
ТОРГОВЫЕ ЦЕНТРЫ
пляжи таллина
ПЛЯЖИ ТАЛЛИНА

Таллин и окрестности – что посмотреть?

Для приезжих интерес представляют и ближайшие окрестности Таллина. В получасе езды от центра города расположен красивый парк Кейла-Йоа с водопадом и старинным замком Фалль. Территориально к городу относится и остров Аэгна, беспрепятственно попасть на который можно в летний период.

окрестности таллина
ОКРЕСТНОСТИ
остров аэгна
ОСТРОВ АЭГНА

Источник: triptoestonia.com

Понравилась статья? - Поделись с другом!Share on Facebook0Share on VKTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn0Share on Google+0

Читайте также:

60 комментариев

  1. I want to show my appreciation to this writer for rescuing me from this particular instance. After surfing around through the the web and seeing opinions which are not productive, I believed my entire life was gone. Living devoid of the strategies to the difficulties you have solved by means of this short post is a critical case, and the kind that might have badly affected my career if I hadn’t come across the website. Your primary skills and kindness in touching all the stuff was important. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a stuff like this. I can also now look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for your reliable and effective guide. I won’t be reluctant to endorse your web blog to anybody who needs to have tips on this subject.

  2. I really like your writing style, excellent information, thankyou for posting : D.

  3. sa:

    Woah this blog is wonderful i really like studying your articles. Keep up the good work! You understand, a lot of individuals are searching around for this info, you could aid them greatly.

  4. I’ve recently started a site, the information you offer on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work.

  5. I really like your writing style, fantastic info, thank you for posting :D. «The superfluous is very necessary.» by Francois Marie Arouet Voltaire.

  6. Aw, this was a very nice post. In thought I want to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and precise effort to make an excellent article… but what can I say… I procrastinate alot and on no account appear to get one thing done.

  7. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog? My website is in the exact same niche as yours and my users would genuinely benefit from a lot of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this alright with you. Cheers!

  8. I just couldn’t leave your website prior to suggesting that I really loved the usual info a person provide in your visitors? Is going to be back incessantly to check up on new posts

  9. I just could not leave your website prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information an individual provide in your visitors? Is gonna be again regularly to check up on new posts

  10. Awsome info and straight to the point. I don’t know if this is in fact the best place to ask but do you guys have any thoughts on where to employ some professional writers? Thank you 🙂

  11. Magnificent items from you, man. I have be aware your stuff prior to and you’re simply too wonderful. I really like what you’ve acquired right here, really like what you are saying and the way in which wherein you assert it. You make it entertaining and you continue to take care of to keep it sensible. I can not wait to learn much more from you. That is actually a tremendous website.

  12. Pets:

    I definitely wanted to develop a brief remark in order to thank you for all the splendid suggestions you are sharing on this website. My long internet lookup has at the end been compensated with high-quality ideas to share with my family and friends. I ‘d repeat that many of us website visitors actually are unquestionably endowed to exist in a great site with so many wonderful people with useful principles. I feel extremely privileged to have encountered your website page and look forward to so many more fabulous times reading here. Thank you once again for a lot of things.

  13. Can I just say what a reduction to seek out somebody who really is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You undoubtedly know methods to convey a problem to light and make it important. Extra people have to read this and understand this facet of the story. I cant believe youre no more widespread because you positively have the gift.

  14. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the pictures on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

  15. Terrific work! This is the type of info that are meant to be shared across the net. Shame on Google for not positioning this publish upper! Come on over and discuss with my web site . Thank you =)

  16. I have been browsing on-line more than 3 hours as of late, but I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It’s lovely price enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the web can be much more helpful than ever before.

  17. Dead written content , regards for information .

  18. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  19. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely useful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to contribute & aid other users like its aided me. Good job.

  20. Good point! Interesting tips over this website. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. I have spent 3 hours searching for such infos. I will also share it with some friends interested in it. I have just bookmarked this website. Right now with the task done, I’ll find some live shemale cams. Danke!! Greetings from Indianapolis!

  21. F*ckin’ amazing issues here. I’m very happy to look your article. Thank you a lot and i’m taking a look forward to touch you. Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?

  22. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this put up and if I could I wish to counsel you few interesting issues or suggestions. Perhaps you could write subsequent articles relating to this article. I wish to read more things approximately it!

  23. Enjoyed looking through this, very good stuff, appreciate it. «It is well to remember that the entire universe, with one trifling exception, is composed of others.» by John Andrew Holmes.

  24. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  25. Nice post. I be taught something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It will at all times be stimulating to read content from other writers and follow somewhat one thing from their store. I’d favor to make use of some with the content material on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  26. You are my aspiration , I have few blogs and very sporadically run out from to brand.

  27. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.

  28. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this sort of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this info So i’m happy to convey that I have a very good uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don’t forget this website and give it a look regularly.

  29. Perfectly composed articles, Really enjoyed reading through.

  30. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing a few months of hard work due to no back up. Do you have any methods to protect against hackers?

  31. Short bursts? Do you fail to recognize the glory and passion of a monolouge?

  32. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog. A great read. I will certainly be back.

  33. Hey, you used to write great, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your tremendous writings. Past few posts are just a little bit out of track! come on!

  34. Good blog! I really love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I might be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  35. seo uzmanı olarak şirketimiz php seo hizmeti vermektedir günümüz ortamında site sahiplerinin php bilgisi nekadar iyi olsada php seo metotları arama motorlarında optimize edilmesi gereken hususlardan bir tanesi web siteniz nekadar iyi olsada arama motorlarına duyarlı olmasına özen gösterin. php seo uzmanlarımızdan destek alabilirsiniz sitenizi aramotorlarına duyarlı hale geçirelim.

  36. Somebody necessarily lend a hand to make severely posts I would state. That is the very first time I frequented your website page and thus far? I surprised with the research you made to make this particular submit incredible. Fantastic task!

  37. I was just looking for this information for some time. After six hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this kind of informative web sites in top of the list. Normally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  38. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! However, how can we communicate?

  39. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  40. Great write-up, I am normal visitor of one’s site, maintain up the nice operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  41. Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!

  42. Great website! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also.

  43. Hi there, You’ve done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they will be benefited from this website.

  44. I’m really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one these days..

  45. My husband and i felt now fortunate Emmanuel managed to do his web research because of the ideas he discovered out of your blog. It’s not at all simplistic to just choose to be making a gift of tips that some people may have been selling. We really recognize we have got the blog owner to give thanks to because of that. These illustrations you made, the easy website navigation, the relationships you will help promote — it’s got everything terrific, and it’s really leading our son in addition to us reckon that that situation is pleasurable, which is extremely vital. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  46. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the info I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come across. What an ideal website.

  47. fantastic put up, very informative. I wonder why the other specialists of this sector don’t understand this. You should proceed your writing. I am sure, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  48. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  49. I am not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this info for my mission.

  50. Thank you for every other informative site. The place else could I am getting that kind of info written in such a perfect manner? I have a mission that I’m just now running on, and I have been at the look out for such information.

  51. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Truly rarely should i encounter a blog that’s both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you might have hit the nail around the head. Your notion is outstanding; the thing is an issue that there are not enough consumers are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy i found this in my look for something in regards to this.

  52. I beloved as much as you’ll obtain performed right here. The comic strip is attractive, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be handing over the following. unwell certainly come further until now once more since precisely the similar nearly very often inside case you defend this hike.

  53. I get pleasure from, cause I discovered just what I used to be looking for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  54. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  55. I will right away seize your rss as I can not find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me know in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  56. As I website possessor I believe the content matter here is rattling magnificent , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован.

4 + 4 =