Достопримечательности Сааремаа — что посмотреть и чем заняться

достопримечательности сааремааОсновные достопримечательности острова Сааремаа, считающегося крупнейшим из имеющихся в Эстонии, можно условно разделить на «природные», то есть – естественного происхождения, и исторические. Последние также имеют важное культурное значение и дают представление о жизни и духовном развитии местного населения. В символике Сааремаа используется образ мельницы и это не случайно, ведь именно здесь сосредоточено самое большое количество действующих мельниц из имеющихся на территории Эстонии.

Остров Сааремаа – основные достопримечательности

К основным достопримечательностям эстонского острова Сааремаа можно отнести те, о которых слышали практически все собирающиеся в Эстонию туристы. В первую очередь, это озеро Каали, возникшее в кратере, образовавшемся в результате падения метеорита много тысяч лет назад, мельничный холм Англа, где сегодня работает полноценный туристический центр, а также многообразная природа края. Обратите внимание на следующие достопримечательности:

Туристический центр Англа
Туристический центр Каали
Озеро Каали — поле метеоритных кратеров
Клиф Панга
Маасилинна — крепость Зонебург
Коса Сырве — полуостров на Сааремаа
Туристический центр Сырве
Маяк Сырве
Военный музей Сырве
Мемориал в Техумарди
Памятник павшим в Освободительной войне в Вальяла
Памятник Хельдуру Йыгиоя

Церкви Сааремаа – история духовного развития острова

Сааремаа является одним из тех заповедных мест, где практически в первозданном виде сохранились старинные храмы. Многие из них действуют в течение нескольких столетий! Интересны они как с культурной, так и с архитектурной точки зрения. Многие церкви Сааремаа признаны памятниками архитектуры и находятся под охраной государства. Преобладают здесь лютеранские храмы, но в некоторых населённых пунктах работают и православные церкви.

Церковь святого Мартина в Вальяла
Церковь Катарины в Карья
Церковь святой Маарьи в Пёйде
Православная церковь святой Ольги в Лейси

Посещая остров Сааремаа, обязательно загляните в единственный расположенный здесь город – Курессааре. Здесь царит особый дух, которого нет в других городах Эстонии. Кроме того, планируя поездку на крупнейший эстонский остров, составьте маршрут таким образом, чтобы успеть познакомиться и с его ближайшим соседом – островом Муху, с которым Сааремаа соединён дамбой, пролегающей через пролив.

Источник: http://triptoestonia.com

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13 комментариев

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